Hybrid Challenges of the Contemporary World

General Information
dr Yevhen Mahda
10, 17, 24, 31.05 (10.00-13.00)
Number of Hours: 
Preliminary requirements: 

 Basic knowledge of history of states of Central and East Europe and Russia

Course Description: 

MS TEAMS - online


Monday – 10.05.2021

10.00 – 11.30 (online)

11.30 – 13.00 (online)


Monday – 17.05.2021

10.00 – 11.30 (online)

11.30 – 13.00 (online)


Monday – 24.05.2021

10.00 – 11.30 (online)

11.30 – 13.00 (online)


Monday – 31.05.2021

10.00 – 11.30 (online)

11.30 – 12.15 (online)


Topic 1. Hybrid aggression - origins and reasons. Hybrid aggression and hybrid war. The main technologies of hybrid influence (2 hours)

Topic 2. Hybrid war of the Russian Federation in Ukraine: origins, features, influence on Europe (2 hours)

Topic 3. Hybrid challenges of the contemporary world (2 hours).

Topic 4. Central Europe – a center of hybrid influence (2 hours)

Topic 5. Electoral weapon of hybrid aggression (1 hour).

Topic 6. Historical memory in hybrid aggression (1 hour)

Topic 7. Hybrid energy – gas wars, nuclear stations (1 hour)

Topic 8. Human factor of the hybridity.  COVID-19 and infodemia (2 hours).

Topic 9. Fakes: features of detection and counteraction (1 hour)

Topic 10. Hybrid influences in social media (1 hour)

Aims of the course: 

1. To give the general overview of the nature of hybrid aggression

2. To show the difference in methods and approaches depemding on goals, regions and contexts

3. Motivate students to think over the possibilities to counter hybrid aggression

Teaching methods: 

1. Lectures on each of the topics mentioned above

2. Personalized learning - each student would work on personal final paper and personal essays on each topic of the course

3. Case study - the cases of hybrid aggression will be analysed during the lectures

4. Peer partner learning - final papers and\ or esaays would be peer reviewed by students themselves

Evaluation & Completion: 

After each lecture students will be asked to write an essay (2000-2500 words). The course will be funished by the final paper (4000-5000 words). The topics of the essays should be within the framework of the lecture topic. The topic of the final paper might be chosen individually and agreed with the tutor. The papers will be presented and discussed on the final meeting. 

Basic Literature: 

Cullen, P.J.& Reichborn-Kjennerud, E. (2017). Understanding Hybrid Warfare https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploa...

Giles, K. (2015). Handbook of Russian Information Warfare

Mahda, Y. (2018). Russia's Hybrid Aggression. Lessons for the World

Mattis, J.N. and Hoffman, F. (2005). Future Warfare: The Rise of Hybrid Wars. http://milnewstbay.pbworks.com/f/MattisFourBlockWarUSNINov2005.pdf 

Mölder, H. (2016). The War of Narratives — Putin's Challenge to International Security Governance in Ukraine. Estonian Journal of Military Studies VI (2), pp. 88−113

Murray, W.(Editor),  Mansoor, P. R. (Editor). (2012). Hybrid Warfare: Fighting Complex Opponents From The Ancient World To The Present

Greenhill, Kelly M. 2010. Weapons of Mass Migration: Forced Displacement, Coercion, and Foreign Policy. Cornell University Press. 

Russian Social Media Influence: Understanding Russian Propaganda in Eastern Europe, 2018. RAND Corporation DOI: https://doi.org/10.7249/RR2237

Gonchar, M., Chubyk, A., Ishchuk, O. (2015). Energy Component in New Generation Warfare. Case of Russia’s hybrid aggression against Ukraine.

Eysenbach, G. Infodemiology and infoveillance: framework for an emerging set of public health informatics methods to analyze search, communication and publication behavior on the Internet. J Med Internet Res. 2009;11(1):e11. Published 2009 Mar 27. doi:10.2196/jmir.1157

Radin A. (2017). Hybrid Warfare in the Baltics. Threats and Potential Responses. rand.org (en). RAND Corporation